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This is that great blessing about which Allah says in verse 3 of Surah Al-Ma’idah: These shortcomings are not known to any one because the intellect is absolutely helpless to find out any weakness in that struggle. After it had come down, the Holy Prophet summoned the Muslims together and said: He knew what you did not know. It is derived from the words Inna fatah-na laka fat-han mubina of the very first verse.
The fact of the matter is that this verse refers to vv. Fataahna that time everyone could see that after the truce with the Quraish not only Khaiber but the Jewish settlements of Taima, Fadak, Wadi-al-Qura’ and others also of northern Arabia would not be able to withstand the might of the Muslims and would easily fall to the Islamic State. To this the Holy Prophet replied: In spite of fatahnna, none from the caravan except one man failed to give his pledge to fight to death, and there could lnna no greater proof of their dedication and sincerity than that in the cause of Allah.
The purport of both is the same. Man’s face is an open book on the pages of which fatajna states of a man’s self can be seen easily.
Sūra XLVIII.: Fat-ḥ or Victory.
Thus, 1, of the Companions became ready to follow him on this highly dangerous journey. But not long after this the truce’s being a victory began to become manifest, and everyone realized that the triumph of Islam had begun with the treaty of Hudaibiyah.
But there are several other traditions which contradict it. The reason why ‘Umrah has not been performed this year is not because the disbelievers of Makkah did not allow it to be performed, but because We did inma will it to be performed; in the future ‘Umrah will be performed if We will, no matter whether the disbelievers allow it or disallow it. Their unity of aim and object has produced fatahma them love and harmony and complete accord among themselves.
Now, the Quraish no more insisted that they would disallow the Holy Prophet and his Companions to enter Makkah. To this the Holy Prophet replied that innna his vision the year had not been specified.
But when Hulays went and saw fatauna the whole caravan had put on the pilgrims garments, had brought sacrificial camels with festive collars round their necks, and had come for doing reverence to the House of Allah and not fatshna fight, he returned to Makkah without innw any dialogue with the Holy Prophet and told the Quraish chiefs plainly that those people had no other object but to pay a visit to the Ka’bah; if they debarred them from it, the Ahabish would not join them in that, because they had not become their allies to support them if they violated the sacred customs and traditions.
We have sent you as a witness, 14 as a bearer of innna news and as a warner, 15 so that you, O people, may believe in Allah and His Messenger, and may help him i. Now the Quraish themselves by concluding this agreement with the Holy Prophet recognized his sovereignty over the territories of the Islamic State and opened the way for the Arab tribes to enter treaties of alliance with either of the political powers they liked.
But one should remember that this is not the.
Had there been fighting and the Muslims had pushed back the disbelievers and entered Makkah, these Muslims also would have been killed in ignorance along with the disbelievers. During his entire period of apostleship on no occasion had it ever happened that he should command his Companions to do a thing and they should not hasten to comply with it.
The Quraish wanted somehow to provoke the Holy Prophet’s Companions into fighting so that they may tell the Arabs that those people had actually come to fight and datahna put on the pilgrims garments for umrah only to deceive others. The Holy Prophet admitted his argument and Abu Jandal was returned to his oppressors. This is called Bai ‘at Ridwan.
English – Transliteration – Surah Al-Fath ( The Victory ) | القرآن الكريم للجميع
If some people do not believe in it, they may not, for “Allah is enough for a witness” over it. Allah was also seeing that the disbelievers were being unfair and high-handed. They were also caught, but the Holy Prophet forgave them, too. But, on the other hand, if they allowed Muhammad upon whom be Allah’s peace and blessings and his large caravan to enter their city safely, they would lose their image of power in Arabia and the people would say that they were afraid of Muhammad.
Just the previous year, in Shawwal A. Therefore, Allah in these verses forewarned the Holy Prophet that fwtahna opportunists of the suburbs of Madinah would come up to take part in and receive their share when they would see easy victories being attained, and that he should tell them plainly: In verse 26 also Allah has used the word mu ‘minin believers for all the Companions, has made mention of sending down His sakinat to there, and obliged them to be righteous and pious, for they were most worthy and deserving of all mankind.
This diminished the hatred in fattahna Arabs hearts that had been caused by the propaganda made by the Quraish against Islam.
In other words, he did not bring this Religion so that it might survive in a fatqhna compartment of life which is allowed it by the dominant religion, while the rest of the spheres of life, by and large, should remain under the relentless control of some false religion. Under conditions such as these nobody could see and suggest how the Divine inspiration could be acted upon. It seems to mean this: According to inan first meaning, the sentence means: Al-Jassas, Ahkam alQur an. Thus, within two years after Hudaibiyah the balance of power in Arabia was so changed that the strength of the Quraish and pagan gave way and the domination of Islam became certain.
The Quran: Sūra XLVIII.: Fat-ḥ or Victory.: Section 1 ()
After lengthy negotiations peace was concluded on the following terms: The Quraish demanded him back and the Holy Prophet returned him to their men who had been sent from Makkah to arrest him. Yet the Quraish leaders persisted in their resistance only under the idea that if Muhammad upon whom be Allah’s peace entered Makkah along with a ffatahna number of his followers, it would mean loss of prestige for them among the Arabs.
Allah restrained your hands from them and their hands from you.
fstahna It was stoppedso that Allah may admit into His mercy whom He will. Imam Abu Hanifah, Imam Abu Yusuf, Imam Zufar and Imam Muhammad saythat it is lawful to open fire in such a case; so much so that even if the disbelievers use the children of the Muslims as a shield by putting them fwtahna the forefront, there is no harm in shooting at them, and it is not obligatory for the Muslims to expiate and pay any blood-money for the Muslims thus killed, AIJassas, Ahkam al-Qur’an; Imam Muhammad,: We have explained it fully in E.
However, as the address is directed to the Holy Prophet and declared that Allah has forgiven him all his former and latter faults, the general words also give this meaning that Allah pardoned all the shortcomings which were the shortcomings in view of his high position of His Holy Messenger.
The Surah should be read with this historical background in view in order to fully understand it.